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Friday, 5 September 2014

Hopes rise for Ukraine peace deal


Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has expressed careful optimism that a deal could be struck with Russia to end fighting in the east of his country.
The BBC’s Bridget Kendall says that there could be a breakthrough when talks including Ukraine, Russia and pro-Russia rebels start in Belarus.

Western countries meanwhile are preparing to tighten sanctions on Russia over its actions in Ukraine.
They are attending the second day of a Nato summit in Newport.
The West accuses Russia of sending arms and troops to back the rebels in eastern Ukraine. Moscow denies this.
Nato leaders are watching closely the outcome of the talks in Belarus between the Russian and Ukrainian presidents amid the splendour of their summit in WalesPro-Russian rebels are widely reported to be forcing the Ukrainian army into retreat in parts of the east
Also on the itinerary on the second day of the summit in Wales is the rise of Islamic State (IS), and Afghanistan where the alliance is due to end its combat operation at the end of this this year.
But there is no government in place in Kabul to complete the handover because the outcome of presidential elections earlier this year is still being contested.
Taliban militants launched a deadly attack on a government compound on Thursday.
Ukraine’s President Poroshenko: “Stability and security brutally undermined by Russian aggression”
An IS video released on Tuesday showed the killing of US journalist Steven Sotloff, just days after the group beheaded another American reporter, James Foley.
In the latest video, an IS militant is seen threatening to kill a UK hostage, aid worker David Haines, who was seized in March 2013 in Syria’s Idlib province.
Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen had pledged “seriously” to examine any plea by Iraq to fight IS militants, while UK Prime Minister David Cameron said that his country was deciding whether to arm the Kurds.
‘The highest price’
Our correspondent says there is a lot at stake at the Nato summit, where President Poroshenko on Thursday confirmed that there was a chance that a deal could be signed in Minsk later on Friday, leading to a ceasefire within hours.
Nato Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen: “Putin wants protracted, frozen conflicts in the neighbourhood”
Russian President Vladimir Putin has also expressed hope that a deal can be agreed.
But President Poroshenko was careful not to sound too upbeat.
“Ukraine is paying the highest price,” the president said, “including lives of soldiers and innocent civilians. As president of Ukraine I must do my best to stop it.”
Mr Rasmussen also sounded a note of caution. He warned that previous peace offerings from President Putin had turned out to be smokescreens, and it was not certain he would stop destabilising Ukraine.
“Based on experience we have to be cautious,” he said. “But… if we are witnessing a genuine effort to find a political solution, I would welcome it.”
Rebel leaders were quoted as saying they would order a ceasefire at 11:00 GMT on Friday if the peace plan was agreed.
On Wednesday, Mr Putin announced a seven-point plan, including a halt to “active offensive operations” by the Ukrainian military and pro-Russia rebels, international ceasefire monitoring, unconditional prisoner exchanges and humanitarian aid corridors.
The summit on Thursday called for Russia to end its annexation of CrimeaUkrainian government forces are manning checkpoints in Mariupol – as rebel shelling was heard in surrounding areas
The fighting on the ground in eastern Ukraine however is not abating, especially in areas were Ukrainian forces are under fire from pro-Russian rebels and are being beaten back.
If a peace deal fails to materialise, our correspondent says, the EU and the US have let it be known that they are poised to announce tough new sanctions against Russia instead.
But they have been careful to make clear that further sanctions may be delayed depending on the outcome of the negotiations in Minsk.
They will be implemented only if there is no breakthrough and no sign of an end to the recent escalation of Russian military support to rebels in eastern Ukraine.
Nato leaders on Thursday agreed new financing to aid Ukraine’s military and provide better medical treatment for wounded soldiers in the five-month conflict, which has led to the deaths of more than 2,600 people.
A UK government official said the EU would announce – jointly with the US – tougher punitive measures including more restrictions on Russian banking, energy and defence.
More of what an official dubbed “Putin cronies” would have travel bans imposed on them.
“We will keep the pressure on Putin to force him to the negotiating table and off the battlefield,” the official said.
Mariupol threatened
Ukrainian government forces have recently suffered several losses of territory, after rebels launched offensives in both the Luhansk and Donetsk regions, and further south around the city of Mariupol on the Azov Sea.
How the Ukraine crisis has played out so far – in two minutes
Reports are emerging that the separatists have begun shelling the outer defences of Mariupol. Eyewitnesses spoke of gunfire.
The BBC’s Fergus Keane on Mariupol says that explosions could be heard close to the city on Thursday night as rebels push towards it from the recently taken town of Novoazovsk.
Our correspondent says that the situation is confused and the atmosphere volatile.
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